Looking to set up a cannabis grow room? If so you have probably bumped up against the fact that there are a lot of things you need to learn before you can get started on your first 420 friendly grow.
1. Lighting is King
When it comes to planning your grow room setup and design, there is nothing quite as important as the lighting you will use to grow you little seedlings into full-grown behemoth plants.
Here you’ll see three main types of lighting options.
Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFLs)
Fluorescent lights are best for their blue light spectrum range and lack of off-put heat. The T5s are very popular when cloning or boosting growth in the vegetative stage. They are larger than the typical CFLs and usually in panel form with multiple lights in one base. Their quality is great and you can keep them inches away from your plants without burning them.
High-Intensity Discharge (HID)
- Metal Halide (MH)
Metal Halide lights are best used in the vegetative stages. These type of HID grow lights provide high amounts of blue light hues. These wide ranges of blues cater to the exact types of lighting that are needed for root growth and vegetative growth.
- High-Pressure Sodium (HPS)
High-Pressure Sodium grow lights are best used in the flowering stage of the growing cycle. HPS lights are much different than MH lights because of the different hues they emit in the spectrum.
High-Pressure Sodium lights emit a yellowish, orange hue that perfect for bud production. These type of lights often yield larger grows that any light during the flowering stage.
LED lights have the ability to switch between multiple hues in the spectrum. YOu can enable blue lights, reddish hues or both. Most LEDs products have fans and cooling systems built into lower the temperatures.
LEDs are energy efficient and have long-life space anywhere from 50,000 to 100,000 hours of operations time.
2. Nutrients are Key
When it comes time for the plants to grow roots and eventually flower, you are going to want to use the right nutrients during each process. Here are some quick gardening insights on which nutrient combination to use during both growth and flowering stages.
During Growth & Vegetative Stages, they need a lot of nitrogen and a lower blend of Phosphorus and Potassium.
However, in the Flowering Stage, your plants will be craving Phosphorus and Potassium with less nitrogen in the mix.
3. Location, Location, Location
Even when growing inside, location matters. The environment needs to be both stable, and completely under your control. After all, control is the entire point of having a grow room.
If you are doing this from your home, a basement level floor has the benefit of being discreet, out of the way, and not subject to constant temperature change.
No matter what, make sure that your location maintains a stable temperature, and can accommodate both your plants and the equipment.
Temperature is an important component of any grow room. Ideally, your grow room should stay anywhere between sixty eight and seventy five degrees.
But because you are creating a warm, humid environment, there is inevitably going to be a fair amount of water build up to contend with. Ince water build up is a breeding ground for bacteria and fungus, you are going to want to make sure that you keep things dry wherever possible.
During the milder fall and spring months, this temperature should be easy to maintain. However, expect higher power bills during the winter and summer.
5. Catch Diseases & Pest Before They Become a Problem
Pest, diseases, and fungus can really do a number on a grow room, but they don’t have to be a problem. Be vigilant, and pay close attention to the status of your plants.
Some problems can be identified through visual inspection. However, with other issues, you are going to need a little bit of help. Investing in a green light can help you detect the early signs of mold on plant leaves.
Look underneath leaves to see if any bugs are attached and remove them before these issues become real problems.
6. Be Vigilant
There is a romantic quality to growing cannabis that can lead even the best growers to forget that the job is hard work.
As a serious grower, you have the same responsibilities as a farmer. That means that you need to maintain constant vigilance. Label your plants, sprays, and equipment. Don’t forget to regularly flush for salt build up. When you see a problem, fix it right away.
It may seem like basic advice, but the organization is a very critical component to maintaining a healthy grow operations. One wrong nutrient or timing issue and your whole operations could be destroyed.
7. Keep it Clean
A clean grow room makes for healthy plants. As a beginner, it can be easy to get overwhelmed with all there is to do and, as a result, forget to prioritize your cleaning. However, if you want to keep everything going as good as possible, you are going to have to remember to clean up after each watering and trimming session.
Keep in mind that your plants will also create waste. Stray leaves may not seem like a big deal, but they can also foster bacteria and disease. Picking up leaves as you spot them and taking off yellow wilted leaves will ensure that you don’t have to deal with unpleasant build up and the consequences that can arise from that.
Planning and designing a grow house is going to take some hard work and the learning curve is real, but it does not have to be debilitating. Now that you have read this guide, hopefully, you have a clearer idea of where to start as you set out to make your own highly productive grow house.