What are Marijuana Edibles?
By James Parker
Weed smoking is one thing, but what about edibles — or consuming weed in food like peanut butter, doughnuts, muffins, gummies, and even brownies?
As recreational cannabis continues to become legal in many parts of the world, people are raising more queries about marijuana edibles.
Here’s what you need to know about marijuana edibles.
So What are Edibles?
Basically, edibles is an umbrella term for marijuana-infused products. This may include any food, beverages, baked goods, gummy candies, dissolvable strips, and cotton candy. In short, marijuana edibles can be any food that you can ingest rather than vaporize or smoke.
In essence, they’re made with dried flowers or cannabis oils. They may be a good option for consumers looking to avoid inhaling smoke from weed pipes or joints. However, the weed effects in edibles can affect you for longer periods of time and can be more potent.
Moreover, edibles are also a popular way to administer medical cannabis to patients, particularly the very young and the elderly. Some people prefer edibles as they don’t like inhaling the smoke and the resin that results from smoking joints.
Types of Weed Edibles
If you to know what edibles are most suitable at what time, it’s best to know what types are out there.
There’s a big difference between 20 and 120 minutes. So you should know which edibles last for how long so you can plan their intake accordingly.
Therefore, you must choose your type of marijuana edibles very carefully.
- Lollipops and Other Sublingual Edibles
The weed lollipops and other sublingual edibles won’t have an immediate effect. However, they act faster than other types of edibles. This includes lollipops and products you may consume in a similar manner, such as bonbons.
- Space Cakes and other Baked Goods
Space cakes and other edibles you may consume via the gastrointestinal tract are the most common type of edibles. This includes all types of biscuits, cookies, pretzels, cakes, and anything else that you can mix, cook, or bake with weed.
Besides, weed enthusiasts have been valuing this type of edible for decades.
Are Cannabis Edibles Different from Smoking?
Undoubtedly, edibles do not expose consumers to some of the potentially harmful effects of smoking. And, many people consider edibles to be effective, discreet, and safe, especially when they compare them to smoking weed.
Ingesting cannabis edibles does not appear to have effects on cancer risk or lung function. However, edibles have their own risks. This also includes the risks of overdose or accidental ingestion by someone not looking to get high.
Are Edibles Different from other Ways of Consuming Weed?
The main difference between edibles and other forms of weed is in how the body processes the active ingredients. However, cannabis extract may produce effects similar to that of smoking or vaping pot.
When inhaling cannabis, blood in the lungs absorbs its THC and moves it to the brain. This produces an immediate effect. However, when you digest weed, the effects will delay from an hour to as many as five hours.
How to Dose Edibles?
Most edible products show how much CBD or THC contains in a single serving. Though, sometimes, the manufacturers list the CBD or THC content of the whole package.
Thus, It’s important to go carefully through the label before consuming it. Check the CBD or THC content per serving, and identify whether the serving size refers to only a portion or the whole package.
Since there are a lot of variables involved, you can not always predict edible dosing. Thus, you must start with a low dose and work your way up to a dose that produces the desired effect.
When cooking edibles yourself, it’s good to measure the pot you add carefully so as to not make it too potent.
Here are some general dosing suggestions for CBD and THC edibles.
CBD Edibles Dose
There’s much less risk if you consume too much CBD as it doesn’t produce a psychoactive impact. However, a high dose still may cause harmful side effects.
You must take a low dose of between three and 10 mg and work your way up to a CBD dose that produces your desired effects.
Besides, consume it in the early evening until you understand the effects as CBD may make you sleepy.
THC Dose for Edibles
Edible THC produces intense effects. Thus, you must start with a low dose and you may increase it until you get the desired effects over time.
According to researchers, the behavioral effects of one mg of THC are comparable to those related to smoking 5.71 mg of CBD.
THC per Dose
1 - 2.5mg
Gentle relief os stress, pain and anxiety.
Can feel focus & creative
Strongest symptom of relief
May alter coordination and perception
Patients with persistent symptoms
May alter coordination and perception
Can be uncomfortable for new consumers
Regular consumers with high tolerance
Very strong euphoria
Very likely to alter coordination & perception
Consumers with a significant tolerance
Patients with a decreased GI absorption
Strong alteration of coordination & perception
Can cause side effects such as nausea, pain & increased heart rate
Experienced with high THC tolerance
Patients with cancer, inflammatory disorders and other conditions.
How do Edibles Work?
Your body processes weed in several ways. The effects are pretty similar, although they may differ in duration and intensity.
When you smoke weed, the smoke containing cannabinoids goes straight into your lungs. There, it encounters millions of alveoli that cover the lungs’ walls. They absorb the cannabinoids passing them into the bloodstream. Then, they reach your brain, providing the effect you require.
There are two possible scenarios for edibles consumption:
While you orally ingest the cannabinoids in a liquid form, they pass through the bloodstream. It takes about 20 minutes, usually.
Suppose the edibles don’t dissolve in your mouth. You need to digest it for your body to process it. In short, it has to reach the liver and the small intestine.
As soon as it arrives there, the contents in the edible break down and finally pass through the bloodstream to supply the body with cannabinoids, nutrients, and other substances. This process may take two to three hours.
What Do Weed Edibles Feel Like? Effects of Edibles
The scope of marijuana effects is both varied and large. What might space out an individual will barely have any effect on the other person. The interaction between the substance, the body, the mind, and the environment of the consumer everything plays a part.
Having said that, the effects of using an edible may be much different from that of smoking a joint. Marijuana edibles result in more physical effects producing a full-blown ‘couch-lock’ effect.
Moreover, it may take a couple of hours for brownies to kick in. However, the effect lasts quite longer than the effects of vaping or smoking.
This may make edibles recommendable for patients, specifically, patients who experience nausea or chronic pain. However, many users want to have an immediate effect, regardless of whether they are using marijuana as a stimulant or for medicinal reasons.
With marijuana edibles, the absorption process is not always time-efficient. However, you may still achieve it with minimum preparation. Just ensure advanced planning and carefully ingest your edibles for achieving the desired effects.
You must begin with small doses and work your way up to the dose producing the desired effect when consuming edibles for the first time.
THC metabolizes in the liver, forming a compound, namely 11-hydroxy-THC. Interestingly, this compound may be very sedating, having a long half-life and more potency than THC.
This mechanism causes cannabis edibles to have different effects. This whole process takes from an hour to three hours.
Edibles may take up to a couple of hours to kick in. If you have already taken a dose, you must wait at least a couple of hours before taking more. Taking another dose earlier than that could cause harmful side effects.
What are the Side Effects of Edibles?
Research shows that heart issues are more prevalent in consuming edibles than in smoking marijuana. A recent study also says that eight percent of emergency room visitors who were consumers of edibles had heart symptoms, including an irregular heartbeat. Overall, three percent of weed smokers visited the ER.
There are various health consequences related to the consumption of edibles. In fact, health issues may even be worse with edibles than with weed smoking. The symptoms below are the possible side effects of cannabis edibles:
- Heart problems
- Respiratory depression
- Psychotic episodes
- Impaired motor ability
- Anxiety and panic attacks
How to Make Weed Edibles?
You may make Cannabis-infused butter and oils at home using dry flowers, in an artisanal way, or using a cannabutter machine. The overall concept of infusing butter and fat with cannabis involves submerging the dry material in the desired carrier fat and gently heating it to slowly extract the cannabinoids from the plant material.
Then, you must strain the mixture to remove any remaining plant material. Later, you may substitute the infused oil or fat at a 1:1 ratio for any recipe.
If you are interested in making gummies do not miss this article “how to make weed gummies“.
How to Consume Cannabis Edibles?
The following are some tips to consume edibles:
- Carefully read the label on your edibles.
- Before enjoying an edible, consider having a meal or eating a snack.
- Decide the number/quantity of edibles you have to consume.
- Ingest it and wait at least two hours before using it more.
- Prepare for a strong effect
- Relax yourself
Wrapping Up with Marijuana Edibles
Conclusively, when you boil this all down, here’s the takeaway: Edible cannabis product is any food that has been infused with cannabis extracts or concentrates. All of these contain active ingredients such as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
All in all, edibles are a discreet way to ingest weed as they don’t create any smoke or pungent smells, unlike weed smoking. However, people must exercise caution when consuming edibles.
Long-term, frequent use of marijuana may have negative effects on physical and mental health. Besides, individuals must always adhere to the recommended dosage and stop ingesting edibles if adverse reactions occur.