You can find a wide range and different types of hydroponic grow kit for cannabis available in the market that often confuses people. As hydroponic systems are available in different forms, it is difficult for someone who is just starting with indoors growing to compare and find one that is suitable for your needs.
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A hydroponic system is different from the traditional method of growing plants as it only uses water, a growing medium, and a solution of nutrients to grow plants indoors. These systems do not use soil. Here are the six common types of best hydroponic system available in the market.
This is the most basic and the simplest system. You can build this hydro system on your own with ease. You don’t need water or air pumps to use it. You use a wick in this system to provide plants with water and nutrients. The growing medium used in these systems is coconut coir or perlite that makes it easier to transport nutrients and water to plants.
- EBB & Flow
EBB & Flow is also commonly known as flood and drain system. It is not as common as others but it is still an effective way to grow your points quicker than soil-based methods. In this system, you grow plants in a tray which is flooded with nutrient solution several times a day depending on different factors.
NFT is also called Nutrient Film Technique system. It is not as simple as some other designs but used commonly for commercial use. In this system, a nutrient solution is contained in the reservoir under the plants from which the solution is pumped up into the channel in which plats are placed with a slight angle. The solution flows through the channel providing water and nutrients to each plant and drop back into the solution reservoir when reaches the end of the channel through a hole.
Drip systems are also common commercial hydroponic systems as they are used for managing a large scale plantation and may not work for homegrown smaller gardens.
It is the high-tech system and the complex one, but very effective. In this system, instead of pumping nutrient solution to the roots, the solution is sprayed like a rain. It creates a mist-like atmosphere around the plants.
- DWC (Deep Water Culture)
Deep Water Culture is also a simple design hydroponic system. In this system, you use a reservoir to keep a nutrient solution under the plant’s pots. The roots are suspended in that solution that provides them with a constant supply of oxygen, water, and necessary nutrients.
You need a reservoir, air pump, air stone, tubing, and growing medium for this system.