What are Trichomes on Weed and its Importance + Trichomes chart
The internet floods with discussions about Trichomes. What are Trichomes? Why do they exist, and what makes them so important? If you have any such questions in mind, this article will clear the air so that you know your weed.
We will also discuss some rare facts about Trichomes. Generally, beginners and new weed farmers have doubts about these substances and whether they cause any harm to the weed plant.
- What are Trichomes?
- Trichomes Functionality
- Types of Cannabis Trichomes
- Are Trichomes Useful
- Improving Trichome Growth on Cannabis
- Color Trichomes Chart
- Do Trichomes Always Grow in Abundance?
- Wrapping Up with the Cannabis Trichomes
Let’s get into the details to understand one of our most sought plants.
What are Trichomes?
Many plants have tiny hair-like growing on their leaf surface. These hairs are present on the Cannabis leaves too. Such hair is referred to as Trichomes. Not only plants, but you can also find Trichomes on algae, lichens, and protists. So, there are more than just Cannabis Trichomes.
Because they are so tiny, you can’t tell their shape, but Cannabis Trichomes are much like mushrooms. They have a round head with a supporting stalk. They are too tiny to be observed from the naked eye. Typically, they range between 50 to 100 microns.
In most plants, trichomes serve as defense mechanisms. Some carnivorous plants use trichomes to catch prey. So, when it comes to functions, Trichomes can be quite versatile.
When you talk about Trichomes Weed, they serve numerous purposes. The most important of them is defending the leaf and flower.
Protection from Insects and Pests
As the flowers grow during the vegetative cycle, they become an easy target for pests and insects. Also, they can prevent any fungal growth over the leaves.
Natural Environment Protection
Cannabis leaves are also vulnerable to UV light. So, the trichomes weed protects them by forming a protective layer over the flowers. It also helps to protect from strong winds during the early stages of growth.
Animals Stay Away
You must have seen Trichomes treats. They are yummy, aren’t they? But you better stay away from raw Trichomes because they are bitter and have a yucky taste. It’s suitable for the plant because it keeps animals from eating it.
Types of Cannabis Trichomes
Trichomes vary in terms of size and shape. Because they are present in many plants, there are various types of them. When we talk about Trichomes on Weed, there are three common types:
Bulbous Trichomes are the smallest types of Trichomes. They range from 10 to 15 microns, which is less than half the width of human hair. So, they are practically invisible to the naked eye. They cover the entire surface of the plant. So, if you get a soft and slippery feel off the leaves’ surface, it’s probably because of these Trichomes.
Capitate Sessile Trichomes
As compared to their Bulbous buddies, the Capitate Sessile Trichomes are bigger. Moreover, they are more in numbers. They have the typical head and stalk, spanning roughly around 25 to 100 microns.
Capitate Stalked Trichomes
These are the biggest of Cannabis Trichomes. Capitate Stalked Trichomes measure around 50 to 100 microns, so they are big enough for your eyes to see them. They have special glands that synthesize terpenoid and cannabinoid, which are valuable products of the Weed plant.
Are Trichomes Useful
In addition to protecting the plant, Trichomes also perform the synthesis of multiple weed products. All types of trichomes have this capability.
When the Cannabis plant enters the blooming phase, the Cannabinoid synthesis starts in the Trichomes. From the newly grown flowers, the Trichomes start transporting plastids and vacuoles to their head. The cells inside the gland head metabolize, forming the core for Cannabinoids.
The synthesis of Cannabinoids is primarily affected by two factors. Firstly, it depends on plant genetics. Secondly, it directly depends on the environmental conditions. If there is an abundance of UV light and harsh winds, Trichomes’ growth directly relates to the synthesis.
Trichome Life Cycle
Trichomes virtually live and die with the Cannabis plant. Generally, when Trichomes mature, they turn opaque to a cloudy white color. Eventually, they become Amber Trichomes because of the specific Amber hue on them.
Amber Trichomes are a sign for farmers that they are ready for harvesting. So, if you’re growing weed in your backyard, you can use this as a milestone. A trichomes color chart becomes a handful to predict the amount of growth.
Generally, when they turn purple, it’s a sign of their peak growth. So, if you let them grow beyond that point, the Trichomes will start degrading. Therefore, they require careful monitoring if you want to make the most of their products.
To summarize, keep the following rules in check to determine the right harvesting time of your Trichomes:
- Fully developed bulbous and translucent heads will have high stimulating but fewer sedative effects.
- Milky bulbous head trichomes produce most hybrids available.
- A 70-30 ratio of milky-amber heads indicate the time to harvest Sativa.
Improving Trichome Growth on Cannabis
Since Trichomes are so vital for Cannabinoids, you can enhance their growth by carefully choosing the right Cannabis seeds. So, here are some suggestions:
- Choose auto-flowering seeds
- Use feminized seeds of Cannabis
- You can use regular sources too, but they aren’t the most preferred
Apart from the seeds, you can use some additional tools for better growth, such as:
- Use artificial ways to grow Cannabis such as LED grow lights
- Use UVB lights during the cultivation cycle
- Trichomes color charts are useful in knowing your plants’ right age, so make their best use.
Color Trichomes Chart
Half Amber /
head and body high
Do Trichomes Always Grow in Abundance?
Although trichomes grow naturally on Cannabis, certain factors can diminish their growth altogether. Some of the main factors are:
Poor Genetics and Low-Quality Breeding
If your Cannabis seeds have low-quality genetics, you can’t expect the Trichomes to turn out fine. So, the right seed selection is essential.
Too much humidity and waterlogging can reduce the growth rate for Trichomes. Extreme temperatures also affect the growth rate.
Wrapping Up with the Cannabis Trichomes
In addition to different synthesized products, Trichomes are also used for preparing delicious treats. So. If you are a bit of a sweet tooth with a love for edible weed, you can enjoy different trichome gummies too.
Trichomes hold a precious reputation because they bring several Cannabis byproducts to the table. These products have a remarkable market value, so if you’re growing weed at home, you can make a fortune if you do things in the right way.
With simple do’s and don’ts, you can make the best trichomes for commercial and health purposes. Now that you know the answers to the commonly asked questions about Trichomes, you can confidently experiment with these tiny creatures on a larger scale.